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i&Msht Letter 



Society Mourns Founder 

Stan Marx, founder and former president of the LCSN A 
and former editor of Knight Letter, died suddenly on July 
13. His loss will be felt by the entire Society and the many 
others whose lives he touched. Stan was the series editor 
of the Lewis Carroll Pamphlets, a project which he urged 
along from its embryonic stages to its current fruition. He 
was founder and president of the Lewis Carroll Founda- 
tion, an organization begun to raise money for Lewis 
Carroll projects, which has contributed greatly to the 
Lewis Carroll Birthplace Trust. 

I first met Stan Marx and his family in 1985 when I had 
the great good fortune to purchase the Lewis Carroll 
collection which he had built over the previous 25 years. 
The collection itself was a monument to Stan, his passion 
for collecting, his ingenuity, and his gentle persistence. He 
left no stone unturned in his search for Carroll, but his style 
was kind, not competitive. He shared his finds with other 
collectors, so that he not only built a most impressive 
collection of Ca;rolliana, but he helped his many collector 
friends to build their own libraries. 

Since his collection was incorporated into my own, 
Stan became father, grandfather, teacher, and mentor — 
rolls he played for so many who knew him. Nor was his 
relationship with those he met through the world of Carroll 
limited to Alice. I recall lovely din- 
ners with Stan and his wife Diana on 
Long Island, gifts he brought to my 
daughter Lucy, and even the time 
Stan chauffeured a carload of 
Carrollians through the worst traffic 
jam in the history of New York. All 
this Stan accomplished with the clas- 
sic wit which is well known to all his 
friends — or anyone who has ever lis- 
tened to his answering machine mes- 
sages. If ever there was a kinder, 
gentler man, that man was Stan Marx. 

Stan was a consummate story 
teller. How many of us have heard 
him relate the tale of how Katherine 
Hepburn showed him "really good 
gabardine," or how he came to ac- 
quire Irving Berlin's rhyming dictio- 
nary, or the many tales of the eminent 

Carrollians he counted among his friends — Warren Weaver, 
Lall Montgomery, Arthur Houghton, and so many others? 
He was a man of passions, but his passions were not 
idle or passing. He loved books and collected them all his 
life, but he also helped others collect, and ran an antiquar- 
ian bookshop in partnership with his son. Stan was one of 
the few people who would lend you a book and, instead of 
feeling obligated to read it for his sake, you would discover 
that he had introduced you to a wonderful new world. He 
loved Lewis Carroll, and that passion led him to found the 
LCSNA and the LC Foundation, and to contribute to those 
organizations in countless ways. He loved New York City, 
and a drive through Manhattan with Stan always turned 
into a history lesson. Most of all, Stan loved those people 
who shared his passions — his family, friends, and anyone 
who ever read a book or admired Alice . 

Just a month ago I had lunch with Stan and Diana on the 
day the International Conference opened — a wonderful 
hour of peace for us before the non-stop excitement of the 
next few days. We spoke of many things, some Carrollian, 
some not, but mostly we relaxed and enjoyed one another' s 
company as we have come to do over the years. The con- 
ference brought meetings with Stan to plan the future of the 
pamphlet series — meetings stolen on a quick walk to 
dinner or in front of the fireplace in 
the early morning. We made plans 
that Stan was eager to go home and 
implement. In fact, days after the 
conference he wrote me and had 
already begun working on those 
plans. At the conference he had 
shown excitement over the possibil- 
ity of a meeting in Japan. "I'm 
looking forward to Tokyo in 1996," 
he wrote to me. 

I said good-bye to Stan on that 
final Sunday of the conference, never 
suspecting it would be our final fare- 
well. It is hard to accept that some- 
one so vital is gone. I know that all 
who knew him will agree that this 
world is a good deal richer for Stan 
Marx having been here, and poorer 
today for his departure. 

Editorial — 

Excuses, excuses . . . 

The Knight Letter, as most of you 
are probably aware, claims to be "the 
quarterly newsletter of the Lewis 
Carroll Society of North America," 
and at times during my editorship of 
this fine publication it has actually ap- 
peared four times per year. While the 
publication schedule in recent months 
might have been a bit more sporadic, I 
do believe that we have managed to 
produce more newsletters in the past 
four years than during any other simi- 
lar period in the Society's history. The 
newsletter has expanded from four 
pages to six pages during that time, 
and, when we let too many months 
slide by between issues, we have ex- 
panded it to eight pages. So you see, 
we do care about you. 

"Ah," I hear you cry from the cor- 
ners of the globe (I have exceptionally 
good hearing), "If you are so concerned 
for our welfare, why not keep those 
Knight Letters coming every three 
months — like my stock dividends." 
Sloth would be any easy answer to this 
question, but not a completely honest 
(nor completely dishonest) one. In 
reality, the past four years, and in par- 
ticular the past six months, have taught 
me that, while I have little trouble be- 
lieving six impossible things before 
breakfast, I often fail when it comes to 
doing six impossible things, even if I 
have all day. 

In the past several years, the LCSNA 
has taken on increasingly large 
projects — projects which demand 
substantial commitments of time from 
those members responsible for their 
planning and execution. From the pub- 
lication of the Complete Pamphlets of 
Lewis Carroll to the sponsorship of the 
Second International Lewis Carroll 
Conference we have striven to increase 
our prestige as well as to contribute 
significantly to Carroll studies. With 
the Knight Letter growing by leaps and 
bounds at the same time, it has become 
clear that, when a new administration 

is elected in the fall, a further division 
of labor must be undertaken and the 
tradition of LCSNA president as Knight 
Letter editor must be broken. 

Happily, we are a Society rich in 
human resources. I know this from the 
first hand experience of the latest project 
to lure me away from publishing Knight 
Letters — the planning of the Interna- 
tional Conference. I have on my desk 
a pile of letters praising the quality and 
organization of the conference, all writ- 
ten by people under the delusion that I 
was responsible for the success of that 
gathering. In fact, though I spent 
enough time working on conference 
planning to deprive loyal readers of the 
KL of their rights, the success of the 
conference was the result of a team of 
planners, workers, and organizers, all 
of whom worked tirelessly and without 
compensation for the past two years. 

At a meeting last spring, six com- 
mittee members each volunteered to 
take responsibility for a different as- 
pect of the conference. It would be 
impossible for me to lavish too much 
praise and thanks on them — especially 
since they all made me look so good — 
but I will thank them once again for all 
their hard work: Joel Birenbaum, Ellie 
Luchinsky, David Schaefer, Maxine 
Schaefer, Stephanie Stoffel, and Alan 
Tannenbaum — I thank you and every 
reader of this newsletter thanks you. 
Without all your hard work I would 
probably never have had time to do 
another KL as long as I lived. 

One more individual deserves 
thanks, too. At the meeting of the 
executive board in June when I ex- 
pressed my opinion that one person 
should not have to hold the post of 
president and edit the Knight Letter 
too, Mark Burstein was suggested as a 
possible successor editor. Mark, whose 
wit and superb writing style are known 
to all who have heard his talks to the 
Society, graciously agreed to take over 
the editorship after the fall election. I 
know he will bring a style to this pub- 
lication that you will all appreciate. 

Now let's see, how many more 
Knight Letters before November . . . 


Puppeteer and filmmaker Lou 
Bunin died in February in 
Englewood, New Jersey from a 
stroke at age 89. Bunin' s 1951 film 
version of Alice in Wonderland was 
considered an early special effects 
classic. The film began with a live 
action sequence in which parallels 
were drawn between Oxford fig- 
ures (and even Queen Victoria her- 
self) and characters in Alice's 
dream. The wonderland sequences 
were filmed with a live action Alice 
in a world populated by stop action 
puppets. Bunin made hundreds of 
articulated figures for the film, most 
of which still survive in private 
collections. The film was released 
in 1 95 1 , simultaneous with the Walt 
Disney Studios' s own animated 
version of Alice. Largely through 
the efforts of Disney to suppress 
Bunin' s movie, it never enjoyed 
large screen success, though the 
video revolution has brought it a 
new life, and it is currently widely 
available on VHS videotape. Bunin 
spoke to the LCSNA at a meeting 
in New York City in 1985, and he 
was fondly remembered by Alice 
film expert David Schaefer and 
others at the recent International 

Playwright and screenwriter Den- 
nis Potter died on June 7 of cancer 
of the pancreas. Potter's contro- 
versial film Dreamchild was a fic- 
tional retelling of the story of Alice 
Hargreaves' trip to New York in 
1932. The film includes flashbacks 
to Alice's childhood (with Lewis 
Carroll played by a stammering 
Ian Holm) and nightmarish scenes 
of Wonderland featuring ghoulish 
creatures created by Jim Henson. 
Potter was best known for his tele- 
vision plays Pennies from Heaven 
and The Singing Detective. 


8c tlljpj^ 

Turner is no Classic 

Everyman's Library, which recently reissued Alice in Won- 
derland as part of their new Children's Classics series, now 
offers a cassette recording as a companion to the book. The tape 
is packaged in a box which reproduces the cover of the book, 
adding the ominous words "as told by Kathleen Turner." A 
careful examination of the rear of the box revels two other 
disturbing facts: the text was abridged by Elizabeth Crawford 
and the total playing time is one hour. I suppose it may be 
possible to abridge A lice and reduce the time of the story to one 
hour without losing Carroll's humor, but that certainly has not 
been done here. As I listened to this tape, each time I prepared 
myself for a favorite joke or pun, it had vanished away like the 
Cheshire Cat. While poor editing is my primary criticism of 
this tape, I cannot let the choice of Ms. Turner as narrator pass 
unnoticed. While her breathy voice may be perfect for film 
noire or the sound of Jessica Rabbit, it seems to this reviewer 
totally inappropriate for the narration of children's books. The 
few places where Turner tries to breath some life into her 
storytelling fall flat, surrounded as they are by her Hollywood 
huskiness. The bits and pieces of classical music which fade in 
and out of the background generally serve to distract rather than 
to enhance the tale — a tale I would have preferred if it had been 
"as told by Lewis Carroll." 

Great Books Program 
Features Familiar Faces 

The Learning Channel recently broadcast the latest install- 
ment in its series titled Great Books — a one hour program 
focusing on Alice in Wonderland and Through the Looking- 
Glass. Numerous members of the LCSNA and the Lewis 
Carroll Society, London, were featured in the program, includ- 
ing Morton Cohen, Selwyn Goodacre, Charlie Lovett, Donald 
Rackin, David Schaefer, Maxine Schaefer, Elizabeth Sewell, 
and Edward Wakeling. The producers of the film interviewed 
all these Carrollians on camera and excerpts from these inter- 
views are used liberally throughout the program. 

Unfortunately, the other "expert" interviewed for this pro- 
duction was rock singer Grace Slick, whose song "White 
Rabbit," which uses images from the Alice books, was a hit 
during the 1960s. Ms. Slick is quick to show her ignorance of 
the texts of the Alice books, referring to the appearance of 
platypuses, mispronouncing "slithy" and providing her own 
definitions of the words in "Jabberwocky," ignoring the fact 
that Carroll had defined them in the character of Humpty 
Dumpty. Despite the fact that her qualifications are as a 
musician and not as a Carroll expert, Ms. Slick is featured more 

prominently in the film than any of 
the other people interviewed. 

The program takes a generally 
dark view of the Alice books, harp- 
ing on the theme of nightmares and 
on what some critics might see as the more sordid interpreta- 
tions — sex and drugs (adding Ms. Slick for Rock and Roll). 
Nightmarish and surrealistic interpretations of Alice such as 
Jonathan Miller's controversial A lice film, Tom Petty 's bizarre 
mad hatter music video "Don't Come Around Here No More," 
Salvador Dali's illustrations, and, Grace Slick's drug-inspired 
song, are shown in support of this view of the books. 

The program does offer some interesting insights into how 
various scholars view the texts. Morton Cohen calls Alice "an 
allegory of the journey of life ... or the journey of a child's 
growing up, and [Carroll's] saying to that child, 'stick with it, 
you'll come through all right'." Donald Rackin calls the book 
a "celebration of the issue of identity" which answers the 
question "Who are you?" with "we are what we make our- 

The program, narrated by Donald Sutherland, uses lush 
slow motion photography of little girls in Oxford to add to its 
dreamlike nature. Poorly animated and gaudily colored Tenniel 
drawings detract somewhat from this rich texture. In addition 
to delving into the nature of the text, the program examines 
Dodgson himself, taking into account his relationships with 
Alice and other young girls and his hobby of photography. 

The phenomenon of Alice in the popular culture is dis- 
cussed, especially from the viewpoint of several of the collec- 
tors interviewed in the film. David and Maxine Schaefer's 
superb Carroll collection makes an excellent backdrop for 
interviews with them and Charlie Lovett, and Dave provides 
explanatory voiceovers for clips from three early silent films of 
Alice from his collection. 

Another set of recurring characters are a group of puppets — 
large and colorful, but unfortunately not well versed in Carroll. 
Their reproduction of the Mad Tea Party eliminates Carroll's 
jokes in favor of a new, and much less humorous, pun. 

All these elements — the interviews, the animation, the 
Oxford photography, the puppet scenes, and Donald 
Sutherland's voice — are woven together in a manner which can 
only be described as dreamlike, though a harsher critic might be 
tempted to use the term disorganized. The result is a program 
which teaches some (though not nearly as much as one might 
expect in the one hour time frame) basic information about the 
Alice books, their popularity, critical appraisal, the author, and 
the times in which they were created. More than that, though, 
the film, through its sometimes illogical mingling of these 
elements, with the repetition of background music that moves 
from dreamlike to nightmarish, provides a multimedia version 
of one interpretation of the book — that Alice is the stuff of 
dreams and haunted nightmares. 

International Conference Report 

The consensus among all who attended the Second 
International Lewis Carroll Conference in Winston-Salem 
on June 9-12 was that the gathering was a tremendous 
success and a feather in the cap of its sponsoring organiza- 
tion, the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. Nearly 
fifty people gathered at the Graylyn Conference Center for 
the event which followed five years after the first 
International Lewis Carroll Conference in Oxford. 

Following Thursday's dinner and opening re- 
marks by the conference coordinator, Charlie 
Lovett, the proceedings were opened with a talk 
by leading Carroll scholar Morton N. Cohen. In 
his talk, "Reeling and Writhing with Lewis 
Carroll," Professor Cohen offered us a sneak 
preview of his biography of Lewis Carroll, which 
will be published next spring. He paid special 
attention to the way in which Carroll's often 
neglected serious poetry reflected his person- 
ality and his feelings about relationships. 
Quite a stir was caused among the doc 
tors in the house when Professor 
Cohen suggested a possible com 
plica ting factor in the illness that 
lead to Carroll's death. Every- 
one present voiced their eager 
anticipation of the biography. 

The evening's entertain- 
ment commenced with a 
showing of the Alice in Won- 
derland episode of the Learn- 
ing Channel's Great Books se- 
ries, reviewed on page three of 
this KL. Then followed a slide 
talk by Damon Butler, a young 
man who travelled 1529 miles by bi 
cycle touring spots in England associated 
with Lewis Carroll and Alice Liddell. 
Damon's display of photographs, grave rubbings, 
and other relics of his trip brought Carroll's England to life. 

Friday morning began with another slide talk, this time 
by children's book author Christina Bjork. Ms. Bjork had 
attended the 1989 conference in Oxford, and while there 
was inspired to write a children's book about Lewis Carroll 
and Alice. Her lecture gave us a behind the scenes look at 
the creation of the book, The Other Alice, which was pub- 
lished recently and reviewed in KL #46. 

Edward Wakeling delivered a fascinating lecture on 
Alice Hargreaves' 1932 trip to the United States — appropri- 
ate for this American gathering. Quoting extensively from 
the diaries of both Mrs. Hargreaves and her son, Caryl, who 
accompanied her on the trip, Mr. Wakeling drew a some- 
times less than flattering portrait of the aging woman and 
her opportunistic son. 

Julie Grossman, a professor at Wake Forest University, 
next delivered a paper which delved into the issue of Carroll 
projecting his own feelings of vulnerability onto young girls, 
especially in the context of his photography. Henry James's 
novel Watch and Ward was discussed as an analogue to 
Carroll's dilemma of negotiating between his wish to oc- 
cupy and master the Wordsworthian position of the 
female child-friend. 

Stephen Haedicke, a student of Professor 
Grossman, presented a paper titled "The Tea Party 
Which Hit Light Speed: Order, Relativity, and 
Chaos in Lewis Carroll's Alice in Wonderland and 
Through the Looking-Glass" which looked at 
Carroll's works through the looking-glass of 
Einsteinian theory and chaos mathematics to re- 
veal a different kind of order in the texts. 

During Lunch, and during all our breaks be- 
tween speakers, the collectors' trading area 
was open for business. Collectors and deal- 
ers had brought Alice merchandise and 
books from all over the world and Joel 
Birenbaum served as host to this 
always popular area. 

Our afternoon session began 
with a talk by Dr. Selwyn 
Goodacre on the bibliography 
of nineteenth-century Ameri- 
can Alice books. The highlight 
of this stimulating talk was Dr. 
Goodacre's definitive descrip- 
tion of the various piracies of 
Alice perpetrated by Jesse Haney, 
including his discussion of some 
which had never been described. 
There followed one of the most 
controversial yet fascinating talks of the 
conference — a superb look at the underlying 
sexuality in the A//^books by Professor Donald Rackin. 
Professor Rackin avoided the simplistic Freudian approach 
to literary criticism and presented a case for sexuality in Alice 
based on a much more subtle analysis of images and charac- 

Since 1994 marks the 20th anniversary of the LCSNA, 
Society founder and first president Mr. Stan Marx and 20- 
year veteran secretary Mrs. Maxine Schaefer next offered us 
some reminiscences about those twenty years. Mrs. 
Schaefer's description of the Society's visit to Arthur 
Houghton's estate elicited fond memories from those who 
had attended and jealousy from those who had not. 

Friday's dinner was hosted by Stephanie and Judge 
Stoffel and Lucy Lovett at their nearby home. As delegates 
enjoyed a delicious meal they had a chance to explore the 
treasures of the Lovett/Stoffel collection, much of which 

had recently returned from a tour of Japan. 

The evening's entertainment was hosted by Alice film 
expert Professor David Schaefer, who first presented a 
tribute to Lou Bunin (see obituary on page 2). Prof. Schaefer 
also shared a recently discovered Popeye cartoon featuring 
Wonderland characters and then treated the crowd to what 
he called, "the worst A lice movie ever made," the 1931 first 
talking movie of Alice. Despite the limitations placed on the 
film makers by the new sound technology, the movie fasci- 
nated those who watched. Seeing silent movie acting used 
in a sound film gave us a new view of Alice and a new 
understanding of Singin' in the Rain\ 

Saturday morning began with a talk by Professor Francine 
Abeles on algorithms in Carroll's work. Professor Abeles 
examined some of Carroll's ciphers and puzzles and did an 
expert job of clearly explaining them to delegates who were 
not primarily mathematicians. Following this talk, Prof. 
Abeles joined a panel discussion on Carroll and computers. 
Joel Birenbaum, Edward 
Wakeling, and David 
Schaefer comprised the rest 
of the panel, which dis- 
cussed various issues relat- 
ing to Carroll and comput- 
ers, paying particular atten- 
tion to Carroll's letter regis- 
ter — an early, but nonethe- 
less complex, form of rela- 
tional database. 

Elizabeth Sewell de- 
scribed how Carroll helped 
her learn how to think — 
something that Cambridge 
had been both unwillingand 
unable to do. She then chal- 

The afternoon session continued with a talk by Profes- 
sor Anashia Plackis on how the philosophy of whole lan- 
guage education is present in Carroll's works. Lewis Carroll's 
decision to put the learner at the center of the intellectual 
process of discovery ranks him with the most progressive 
educational reformers whose concern is to teach children 
how to think, as opposed to telling them what to think. They 
are thus empowered to draw their own lessons and morals 
and not have them dictated by authority. 

Professor Jan Susina delivered a talk on Lewis Carroll's 
feelings about his imitators, and particular about the one 
imitation of Alice he criticized publicly, Tom Hood's From 
Nowhere to the North Pole. Edward Salmon's comments on 
these two books in "Little for the Little Ones," troubled 
Carroll and a somewhat darker side of his personality was 
revealed in Professor Susina's analysis of his reactions. 

Following dinner, the delegates adjourned to the third 
Lewis Carroll Society of North America Auction. The auc- 
tion, held to raise funds to 
assist with the Society's pub- 

What has emerged in the past four days has 
been a picture of a Lewis Carroll both more 
human and more complex than we have 
known before. . . . What does it matter if 
Lewis Carroll and his work are not the 
immaculate conceptions of our childhood 
vision if they can be all the more important 
for the legitimate spot they occupy in a 
world not only of children's books but also 

of human emotion. 

— Charlie Lovett, Closing Remarks 

lenged others to tell how they came to have such a strong 
interest in Carroll that they would spend four days emersed 
in his study and several delegates shared their own stories. 

Professor Donna White used some of Elizabeth Sewell's 
writings as a beginning point for her paper titled "The 
Game Plan of The Hunting of the Snark" in which she 
analyzed the Snark as a game, delineated the rules for us, 
and then gave us a play by play of the contest. 

Followinglunch, Frankie Morris spoke on John Tenniel's 
cartoons commenting on the American Civil War. In sev- 
enty cartoons Tenniel showed how some Britons viewed 
the issues, Lincoln's presidency, and England's own role. 
With a cast of stereotypes common to cartoons, literature 
(not excluding Carroll), and the stage, Tenniel's pageant of 
the Civil War melded drama, minstrel show, yankee theatre, 
and spectacle to present a Victorian Mythology. 

Yoshiyuki Momma spoke on the popularity of Alice in 
Japan, citing several examples of her continuing and grow- 
ing appeal in that country. Encouraged by the assembled 
delegates, Yoshi and the other three delegates from Japan 
met on Sunday morning and founded the Lewis Carroll 
Society of Japan. Rumor has it that the next International 
Conference may be in Tokyo. 

lications projects, was a 
grand success, with prices 
on the sixty lots totalling over 

Despite the late hour, 
many of the delegates mi- 
grated to the Gothic Grille 
Room in Graylyn's base- 
ment, where the bizarre 
wrought iron sailing ship in 
the grillwork provided a su- 
perb backdrop for a dramatic 
reading of The Hunting of the 
Snark. Jonathan Dixon, who 
illustrated the book in 1992, 
served as host for this event and recruited a motley crew to 
assist him in hunting the Snark (it turned out to be a 

Sunday morning brought long faces as delegates per- 
ceived that the end of their stay in Wonderland was near. A 
superb talk by Anne Clark Amor, however, served to wake 
us up and cheer us as well. Mrs. Amor spoke on Carroll's 
Russian journey, quoting from his diary and Henry Liddon's 
diary of the event as well to paint a picture of Carroll as one 
who, like most Englishmen of the day, looked upon foreign- 
ers with amusement and some disdain. 

The conference ended with a closing forum to which 
delegates were invited to submit questions. Much was said 
about the future of Carroll studies and ideas for interesting 
young people in Carroll were explored. Inevitably, the 
coordinator had to terminate the discussion, deliver his 
closing remarks, and then, as we all had dreaded, declare 
that this wonderful gathering was officially ended. Del- 
egates began the process of returning to New York, Califor- 
nia, England, Sweden, Japan, and elsewhere as if emerging 
from a dream as wonderful and enlightening as Alice's. 

The full proceedings of the conference will be pub- 
lished and made available to all members for a modest price. 

Pamphlets Reassess Carroll as Mathematician 

The Mathematical Pamphlets of Charles L. Dodgson 
and Related Pieces, the second volume in the 
Society's ongoing series, The Complete Pamphlets of 
Lewis Carroll, is due to be published this summer. 
Ordering information for this volume appears be- 

The book, edited by mathematics professor 
and LCSNA treasurer Dr. Francine Abeles, may 
well be the most significant of the projected six 
volumes in the series. Dr. Abeles, a professor at 
Kean College in Union, NJ, has provided, for the 
first time, a careful analysis not only of Carroll's 
mathematical pamphlets, but also of his career as 
a mathematician, a frequently overlooked facet of 
Carroll's character. Though of great interest to the 
mathematician, the book is written in such a way 
as to be accessible to all readers with an interest in 
Carroll and his works. 

In her introduction Dr. Abeles writes, "The 
reader of this volume will find Dodgson's pam- 
phlets and other relevant items organized by math- 
ematical subject. Since an evaluation of Dodgson 
as a mathematician is not possible from these 
pamphlets alone, each subject begins with a gen- 
eral introduction to Dodgson's writings on the 
topic. . . This approach permits a reassessment of 
Dodgson's contributions to mathematics." 

Like the previous book in the series, Edward 
Wakeling's, The Oxford Pamphlets, Leaflets, and 
Circulars of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, this volume 
reprints the complete text of all Dodgson's extant 
pamphlets in the field. While the book was in 
process, several pamphlets, hitherto thought not 
to have survived, were discovered, and these, too, 
are included in full. Dr. Abeles has provided, in 
fact, two books in one — a reprinting of Dodgson's 

mathematical pamphlets, and an assessment of 
Dodgson as mathematician. 

At last fall's meeting of the LCSNA in Boston, 
Dr. Abeles spoke about editing the pamphlets, 
focusing on a number of significant contributions 
which Dodgson made to the field of mathematics 
in support of the question she had raised at the 
outset of the talk, "Would there be any interest in 
his mathematical work at all if he weren't the 
author of the Alice books?" 

To support her belief that the answer to this 
question is definitely "yes," Dr. Abeles described 
three of these contributions: Dodgson's remark- 
able alternative to Euclid's parallel axiom, an intu- 
itively appealing method to obtain an accurate 
approximation for pi, and a comparatively simple 
algorithm to calculate a determinant. As in her 
book, Dr. Abeles was able to present these in such 
a manner as to be fully comprehensible to the non- 
mathematically inclined. 

Refuting the prevailing opinion that Dodgson 
was unaware of the non-Euclidean geometries 
being developed in his time, she provided evi- 
dence from Dodgson's own work that he knew all 
about these revolutionary theories. 

Dr. Abeles discussed several aspects of 
Dodgson's personality as well as some important 
events in the Victorian age that influenced 
Dodgson's views and the mathematical topics about 
which he chose to write. 

Dr. Abeles also spoke on a mathematics-re- 
lated topic at the recent International Conference 
(see article pages 4—5). The publication of her 
book marks a major event in Carroll scholarship. 
We know that all KL readers will eagerly order a 
copy of this landmark publication. 

To order copies of The Mathematical Pamphlets of Charles L. Dodgson and Related Pieces, please send $52, 

plus $3 shipping and handing to the below address. List price for the book is $65. LCSNA members receive a 

20% discount. Supplies are limited, so please order as quickly as possible. Make checks payable to LCSNA. 

Name and Address: 

Amount Enclosed ($55 per volume). 

Return to: Charlie Lovett, 10714 West 128th Court, Overland Park, Kansas, 66213 



News of Our 

We have had much news of the 
Carrollian activities of our members 
lately. It is gratifying to see so many of 
you spreading the news about Carroll 
and his works. Keep it up! 

Stephanie Stoffel was featured in 
an article in the June 1 1 Charlotte 
Observer about the International Con- 
ference. When asked how members of 
the LCSNA feel about Alice in Won- 
derland Stephanie quoted Alice, say- 
ing "It fills my head with ideas, only I 
don't know what they are." 

Elizabeth Erikson wrote to the 
Phoenix Gazette to correct columnist 
Sam Lowe's assertion that Lewis 
Carroll named the Boojum Tree. Mr. 
Lowe acknowledged her correction in 
print, however he stated the Boojum 
Tree, not merely the Boojum, appeared 
in The Hunting of the Snark. 

Robert Mitchell presented a paper 
on Lewis Carroll's Game of Logic at 
the 1994 International Conference of 
the British Society for the History of 
Mathematics in Winchester in March. 

Thomas Bruenn was pictured in the 
February 7 Record- Journal of Meriden, 
CT, holding a pop-up edition of Alice. 
As chairman of the Piatt High School 
math department, Bruenn was involved 
in the school's "Lewis Carroll Week" 
celebration, an event designed as a tool 
to teach students about math and his- 

Joel Birenbaum's discovery of the 
Cheshire Cat (see KL #42) was re- 
ported in the April, 1994 edition of 
Reader's Digest. 

Also on the topic of "correcting the 
editor," Annelies De Wever, a Flemish 
reader of KL, wrote to strongly object 

to my grouping that language 
with "those which didn't 
make the grade" in my ar- 
ticle on translations of Alice. 
Continued consultation with 
. a variety linguistic experts 
reveals a consensus of opin- 
ion that Dutch and Flemish are identi- 
cal. Therefore the entry in the primary 
list which read "Dutch" should read 
"Dutch/Flemish." My apologies to any 
and all Flemish readers. 

Our Electronic 
Address Book 

In the last KL I sent out a plea for e-mail 
addresses of our members. For the past 
several months members have been 
sending me a vast variety of electronic 
mail, usually including their own 
Internet addresses for inclusion in a 
directory of on-line Carrollians. I hope 
that soon we will be able to include e- 
mail addresses in our standard mem- 
bership list, but for now I offer the 
following addresses which I have re- 
ceived from members. 




























Please send any corrections to this list 
along with additional e-mail addresses 
to, or to the edi- 
tor via snail mail at the address on the 
back page. 

on the translations of Alice U11JL1 ^^ ^ J ^ 

in KL #46, 1 have received a "^" M ~ ^^^^^^^^^™ 

flurry of correspondence from several members eager to see a 
definitive list of languages into which Alice in Wonderland has 
been translated. While research continues (and I do hope one day 
to publish such a list in these pages), I thought an update might be 
of interest. Jon Lindseth reports that the following languages may 
be added to the primary list, as he possesses either published copies 
or photocopies of published editions: Gujarti, Sasak (an Indonesian 
language incorrectly referred to in my article as Lombok), Xhosa, 
and Tongan. Some collectors have speculated that some of the 
items in the Australian Alice 125 catalogue never existed. Jim 
Coombs, however, at the recent International Conference, reported that at the 
1990 exhibition for which this catalogue was printed, something was dis- 
played for each entry in the catalogue. While Jim could not confirm that in 
every case what was displayed matched the catalogue description, perhaps 
many of these manuscript fragments do exist. 

rrotn Dat° rar-panfi 

Abbot Geer write to tell us that the Spring 
House Tour of Historic Properties in 
East Haddam, CT, included the Emmett 
House, built in 1696 and including an 
"Alice in Wonderland" room. The room 
includes wall and ceiling murals of scenes 
from Alice painted by W. Langdon Kihn 
for his daughter, Phyllis, in 1934. Kihn 
was a renowned painter whose work ap- 
peared in the National Geographic. The 
room is illustrated in full color in the 
September 1938 issue of National Geo- 
graphic. Phyllis Kihn served as a docent 
on tour day to answer questions about her 
father's work. 

The 1991 edition of the Romanian jour- 
nal Secolul 20 (number 352-354) is de- 
voted to Lewis Carroll. The editorial 
address of the journal is: Stefan Aug. 
Doinas, Editor, Secolul 20, Culea 
Victoriei 133, Bucuresti, Romania. 

Hammer Galleries (33 West 57th St., 
NY, NY, 10019) mounted an exhibit of 
recent sculpture by Harry Marinsky, 
much of which was devoted to Alice in 
Wonderland sculptures. The bronze Alice 
sculptures are heavily influenced by 
Tenniel and vary in size (like Alice) from 
a 14-inch Walrus and Carpenter to a life 
size Mad Tea Party. Prices range from 
$8000 to $185,000. 

The Museum of Jewelry, 3000 Larkin 
Street, San Francisco, CA, 94109 offers 
Lewis Carroll garnet earrings, Ellen Terry 
earrings, and a bizarre ceramic Cheshire 
Cat Box, though we are unable to ascer- 
tain the connections among these ob- 
jects. Call 1-800-835-2700. 





Dover "Thrift Editions" have just re- 
leased an unabridged paperback of Alice 
with Tenniel illustrations for $1.00. 
(ISBN 0-486-27543-4). 

Art in America recently ran an article on 
the Gaberbocchus Press, a small press in 
London founded in 1948 which took its 
name from the title of a Latin translation 
of "Jabberwocky." 

Speaking of small presses — The News- 
letter of The Book Club of California for 
Spring 1994 reviewed The White Knight 
Press, based in Honolulu, HI. 

An e-mail user grabbed a piece by Eliza- 
beth Hill off the office underground which 
cites a study showing that British chil- 
dren are more familiar with computer 
game characters such as the Super Mario 
Brothers (97% recognition) or Sonic the 
Hedgehog (93%) than with classic fig- 
ures from literature like Alice in Won- 
derland (91%). The survey was carried 
out to mark the release often new stamps 
featuring literary characters. Curious. 

Harper 's Magazine for April 1 994 printed 
three letters from Lewis Carroll to An- 
thony Mayhew about photographing the 
Mayhew children under the title "Alice 
in Underwearland." Curiouser. 

Carl Rohde reports seeing a full color 
Alice in Wonderland window display in 
Hamilton, Bermuda, advertising a sale — 
in a liquor store. Curiouser and curiouser ! 

Peggy and Robert Noel have placed an 
"Alice in Wonderland Tree" on loan to 
the Monterey Museum of Art at La 
Mirada, CA, which is planning a special 
Alice event in the fall of 1994. The tree 
was the brain child of New York sculptor 
Graham Halky who spent fourteen 
months researching and making 105 
handmade figurines of paper mache, pa- 
per collie, acrylic, and 22 karat gold leaf. 
The figures hanging on the tree are based 
on Tenniel' s illustrations. For more in- 
formation on the fall celebration write 
Peggy Noel, P.O. Box 1415, Pebble 
Beach, CA, 93953. 

The Stratford, Ontario. Shakespeare Fes- 
tival will present a new adaptation of 
Alice Through the Looking-Glass by 
James Reaney from July 10 through Oc- 
tober 1 6. For more information call (5 1 9) 

The 50th Street subway station near 
Broadway in New York City was re- 
cently the recipient of a face lift which 
included the installation of a mosaic titled 
"Alice: The Way Out." The ceramic 
mosaic designed by Liliana Porter de- 
picts Alice peeking through a theater 
curtain in keeping with the theme of the 
surrounding theatrical district. 

The Berkeley Ballet Theatre presented 
its Alice in Wonderland in late February 
and March in San Francisco and San 
Rafael. Part of a performing arts series 
for children, the program featured leap 
and learn ballet arts with the Mad Hatter, 
Cheshire Cat, Queen of Hearts, White 
Rabbit, and of course, Alice. 

For assistance in preparing this issue we would like to thank: Earl Abbe, Fran Abeles, Ann Buki, Sandor Burstein, Jim Coombs, 
Annelies De Wever, Jonathan Dixon, Tom Doyle, Elizabeth Erikson, Abbot Geer, Johanna Hurwitz, Jon Lindseth, Robert Mitchell, 
Peggy and Robert Noel, Lucille Posner, Carl Rohde, Andrew Sellon, David and Maxine Schaefer, and Stephanie Stoffel. 

Knight Letter is the official newsletter of the Lewis Carroll Society of North America. It is published quarterly and is distributed 
free to all members. Subscriptions, business correspondence, and inquiries should be addressed to the Secretary, LCSNA, 617 
Rockford Road, Silver Spring, Maryland, 20902. Annual membership dues are $20 (regular) & $50 (sustaining). Submissions and 
editorial correspondence should be sent to the Editor, Charles C. Lovett, 10714 W. 128th Ct., Overland Park, KS, 66213 or via e- 
mail at